Affordable Housing

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Housing costs constitute the single highest expenditure item out of household budget, and represent a substantial financial burden especially for low-income households in many OECD and EU countries. Overburden rates for home-owners and tenants can vary across countries, which has implications for the choice of policy instruments to alleviate housing-cost burdens. Furthermore, overcrowding can significantly hamper wellbeing, with negative effects on health and on child outcomes.
Pass cursor over table headings for detailed indicator definition. Click on table headings to order countries on the selected indicator.
Country
Housing overcrowding among low-income, %, 2014
Housing cost overburden among low-income tenants (private rent), %, 2014
Housing cost overburden among low-income owners with mortgage, %, 2014
Poland POL 47.1 29.5 47.2
Mexico MEX 45.4 34.9 60.2
Hungary HUN 44.2 22 34.7
Romania ROU 43.1
Latvia LVA 35.7 13.7 44.4
Bulgaria BGR 35.2
Slovak Republic SVK 32.6 5.9 33.1
Sweden SWE 29.7 42.1 9.7
Greece GRC 27.7 68.6 54.2
Croatia HRV 27.7 69.2 36.6
Italy ITA 26.8 38.8 58.4
Austria AUT 25.3 24.2 29.3
Czech Republic CZE 23.8 46.9 10.7
Lithuania LTU 22.4 15.1 28.9
Luxembourg LUX 19.8 31 28.2
Finland FIN 19.8 45.3 6.7
Denmark DNK 17 44.6
Slovenia SVN 16.7 11.4 42.3
Germany DEU 14.8 13 25.9
Norway NOR 13.7 42.5 22.6
France FRA 13.7 21.2 52.3
Iceland ISL 11.3 47
Chile CHL 11 69.1 65.4
Estonia EST 9.9 36.7 63
Netherlands NLD 9.5 29.8 16.6
Portugal PRT 9.3 52.7 55.3
United Kingdom GBR 8.5 59.2 32.9
United States USA 7.4 59.2 55
Switzerland CHE 7.3 29.1 12
Belgium BEL 5.9 47.7 33.9
Spain ESP 5.9 63.9 55.7
Korea KOR 3.6 26.6
Ireland IRL 3.3 34.1 49.5
Cyprus CYP 3 20.9 21.2
Malta MLT 2.1 35.9 13.6
Japan JPN 1.8 42 63.4
Canada CAN 43.5 47.9
Australia AUS 28.8 38.1